The NABC method was developed in the USA by the Stanford Research Institute as a tool used for the development, assessment, and presentation of ideas. Using the NABC method requires a thorough knowledge of the value proposition. It is part of the plan itself to generate relevant and specific questions.

The generic NABC method by the Stanford Research Institute stands for:

  • N for Need. An idea without a practical need for it remains just what it is: a good idea and nothing more.
  • A for Approach and is usually a point of departure for most activities, but with the NABC method.
  • B for Benefit or the innovative elements of an idea. In other words, that which constitutes its uniqueness.
  • C for associated costs that come with each alternative.

Source: Stanford Research Institute


C84 Use-Case

We make a case for an international software firm, willing to build a business in Germany. They work in a fast-changing environment where companies need to move fast but smart, and a failure is an option.

Client: An US based firm, willing to build a business in Germany.

Client challenge: they want to invest as little as necessary to understand but as much as needed to remain independent.

— > Here´s the C 84 Pitch


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Need in NABC

Definition of Need in our Example

An international company seeks the most effective legal, technical and commercial setup to start their business within Europe.

The common challenges are due to different time zones plus the standard go to market barriers: Cognitive Hurdle, Resource Hurdle, Motivational Hurdle, and the Political Hurdle.

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Approach in NABC

Definition of Approch in our example

Our approach is to be mandated by the international company to deliver the setup (support the planning and the understanding of the market structure) and execute the market entry (local bridgehead acquisition on customer, supplier and service partner level).

Our cooperation with the international client is milestone-based and may last six months or three years. The client can decide to take over operations directly and maintain established relationships with customers and partners themselves.

In the second case, the parties agree on a role model to deliver top-notch services to the European / German target market in a well planned and established the shared role and workflow model.

Benefits in NABC

Definition of Benefits in our example

Benefits are faster sales, due to local sales, friendly channels, less cost, due to less travel, given infrastructure and lower risk, due to minimal financial and legal exposure.

These benefits have a different meaning, depending on the nature of our client´s business. E.g.: If you are selling Mobile Gaming Apps on the Apple AppStore, you have a clear framework, how to do business in a new country. The AppStore guidelines tell you, how to win users, and how to monetize them. You may charge for certain goods in the App´s gameplay. You may convert them from free gaming to gambling.


In both ways, the AppStore will tell you, what´s in line with applicable law. However, with connected services you typically run into the main cost drivers user-acquisition and user-retention. Here, things will become expensive very quickly, when your team screws the whole project by ignoring local law. Back to gaming – gambling: this is quite complicated in the European Union, as laws like the U.K. Gambling Bill give you rights in some regions only. If you are seriously building Apps and have been banned from the Apple AppStore before, you know that this kind of event can break your neck.

We can expect a significant learning curve with Mobile Health Apps and the Industrial Internet of Things (IIOT) Apps. It´s obvious that European user organizations will more and more force their local legislation to hold the developer accountable for any breach of privacy. Facebook is the most prominent company in this discussion and playing it´s political power and technical dominance very well.

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Associated Cost in NABC

Definition of associated Cost in NABC

Next step in our value-based approach is to compare the associated costs that come with each alternative.

In our gaming – gambling example we can name one alternative “doing nothing” (very popular alternative by the way). In this case, the associated costs would be the “missed business”.

But apart from the “doing nothing” alternative, we can compare the more serious alternatives for an US-based tech startup, that received additional funding for “international growth”. Their shareholders expect to look for aggressive growth opportunities and certainly have heard that the European Union in 2016 generated a nominal gross domestic product (GDP) of 16.477 trillion US dollars, constituting approximately 22.2% of global nominal GDP and as a whole is the largest economy in the world.

However, with all the uncertainty around UK Brexit, it´s hardly predictable, what´s the best go-to-market approach. Old school recommendation would tell you to do, what the others did and install a European bridgehead in London (where most come together). But that could become a massive strategic mistake.

Not only is the cost of living and cost of doing business in the U.K. much higher than in any other European country. There is a well the still open question, if and how the UK based firms will have access to the European Union.

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The C84 Pitch

Here is our pitch

Definition of alternatives in our example.

Our software firm, willing to build a business in Germany has three alternatives:

Send your own team – if available
Build a local team from scratch – find, hire & train
Buy a local company – certainly the most expensive choice

Here is our unfair advantage

You may have read about the term “unfair advantage” before. It´s used in the Business Model Canvas when the entrepreneur is asked, why the user should choose his service. Good answers would be: “we hold a patent”, or”, “we know this industry better than anyone else”.

We would answer, that we are designed to serve exactly this use case. The reasons for this are:

/ we can start lean but scale fast
/ we don´t have to feed overhead
/ we are not exposed to hidden interest
/ we align our business model with yours

Get in contact, if you are on a serious mission and allow us to put some serious numbers on this kind of benchmark. Our approach is Straight Forward Performance Driven

#NoCorporateBias
#NoCulturalBias

Need Help? Schedule a meeting

If you’d like to contact us, email hello@c84.io or, if you’d prefer to talk in-person, use our online scheduler to schedule your meeting. Axel Hoehnke will be your point of contact. | Client Testimonials

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